In date April 27 for “Mumble Project” (University of Turin), Irene Binini, Daniele Molinari and Wolfgang Huemer (University of Parma) will present a research paper (currently under review) which focuses on several issues connected to the Calculatores Project, such as the use of thought experiments in Galileo Galilei and in his Medieval predecessors, with a particular focus on thought experiments that use impossible scenarios.
Abstract: Thought experiments are fictional narratives that serve as devices to widen our cognitive horizons both in the sciences and in philosophy. In our talk we argue that they perform this function by prompting a specific kind of imagination that brings the perspective of another person into view (de illo imagining).
The main role of thought experiments is not to transmit true propositions to the reader, but to express a specific point of view. After presenting our analysis of thought experiments and of the role that de illo imagination plays in them, we revisit Galileo Galilei’s use of imaginary cases in light of our account. We show that the main aims of Galileo’s thought experiments are to highlight how different points of view affect imagination and to invite readers to actively engage in different perspectives.
Readers of thought experiments do not passively absorb information, but critically assess the other’s point of view and contrast it with their own. To perform this task successfully, thought experiments need to be designed in a way that allows the reader to relate to the proposed (fictional) scenario.